Prtichard, A. (2012) The Impact of Tourism on Livelihoods and Human Rights in Ngwe Saung, Myanmar

Myanmar, a country that only officially opened its borders to tourists in 1996, has a new level of visibility amongst international travelers with the recent political transformations and lifting of both U.S. and E.U. sanctions. The government of Myanmar has officially adopted tourism development as one of its economic priorities, recognizing it as one of its biggest potential growth areas in the near term future.

Read More

Brill, C. (2012) Decisions for Crossing the Border: A Case Study of Myanmar Displaced Persons

Internal displacement issues are gaining heightened importance worldwide. The 2011 global report of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center shows that for 2011 there were approximately 26.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). Myanmar's continued armed conflicts still cause movements of forced migration, which makes this phenomenon a current issue.

Read More

Aung, E. (2012) Relationship Between Non-Formal Education Programs and Employment Opportunities: A Case Study of Trainings on Development in Yangon, Myanmar

Myanmar's shift towards a democratic country entails an opening of the country to the rest of the world, and this all has directed attention to policy makers and experts indicating need for educational reforms to move forward human resource development agenda. One of the important sectors to be scrutinized is formal education sector; the government school system. This is because employment prospects for university graduates, comprising 2.7% of total economically active population, are very challenging at present. Within this context, role of non-formal education (NFE) programs which focus more on practical learning than formal education comes to be focused. However, there are limited studies how NFE programs can fill the education-employment gap. Thus, the research explores how NFE programs, particularly not given by government universities, make the connection between educations to employment which formal education fails to achieve.

 

Read More

Tarmedi, F. (2012) The Role of Local Ombudsman Committee in Promoting Good Governance: A Case Study of Local Public Ombudsman in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Nowadays, good governance has become an important issue to be discussed within the international development framework. Many developing countries try to implement good governance principles through many forms; one of them is to establish ombudsman committees. An ombudsman committee is an institution which functions to monitor public service deliverance from government agencies to the society through the form of external complaint handling system.

Read More

Schulz, K. (2012) An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Protection Mechanisms for Migrant Fishermen from Myanmar in Thailand: A Case Study from Samut Sakhon Province

Title: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Protection Mechanisms for Migrant Fishermen from Myanmar in Thailand: A Case Study from Samut Sakhon Province

Author: Kelly Glenn Schulz

Year: 2012

Keywords: HUMAN TRAFFICKING / LABOR EXPLOITATION / HUMAN SECURITY / MIGRATION / MIGRANT WORKERS / FISHERMEN / MYANMAR

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

The issue of trafficking in persons for the purposes of labor exploitation is growing phenomenon amongst migrant workers from Myanmar who are working in Thailand's commercial fishing industry. Along with the development of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and the opening up of cross-border trade and work flows, this problem can only be expected to continue grow so long as the root causes remain unaddressed.

Attempts have been made in order to understand the methods by which this form of human trafficking and exploitation takes place. However, little research has been done to understand the structural system of protection mechanisms that have been put in place to try and prevent these violations of human rights and security from occurring in the first place. This thesis project examines the various government and community-based protection mechanisms in Thailand by determining which mechanisms are most successful in upholding the fundamental labor and human rights of these migrant fishermen and which ones are in greatest need of correction.

This research project was able to uncover several new findings that shed light onto the specific situation of migrant fishermen in Samut Sakhon and the nature of the system of mechanisms that are available for their protection. It was found that the twenty-one migrant fishermen interviewed in this study faced human rights abuses and labor violations such as: not receiving the full payment of their wages, being physically and mentally abused through the use of threats as well as violence from their boat captains and employers, prevented from receiving access to medical treatment or to an appropriate compensation for that treatment, not being allowed to leave the fishing boats, being restricted to move around while on land, and being caught in situations of illegal debt bondage. A special case study of a lone migrant fisherman is used in order to reveal how the simple awareness of one's rights as a migrant worker in Thailand can lead to many years of successful protection from this kind of labor exploitation.

In addition, this paper also analyzes the perspectives of representatives from the Royal Thai Government, fishery associations, as well as from local NGOs and community-based organizations in order to determine the strengths and weaknesses of their provided protection mechanisms.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

Tag Cloud

BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT DOMESTIC WORKERS EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING IMPLEMENTATION INDONESIA INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MALAYSIA MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD

Hata, M. (2012) Comparing the Economic and Social Security of Franchise Street Vendors and Independent Street Vendors: Case Study of Klong Toei Community in Bangkok

Title: Comparing the Economic and Social Security of Franchise Street Vendors and Independent Street Vendors: Case Study of Klong Toei Community in Bangkok

Author: Megumi Hata

Year: 2012

Keywords: STREET VENDOR, THAILAND, ECONOMIC SECURITY, SOCIAL SECURITY

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

Informal economy workers suffer from a lack of social protection. However, most of independent street vendors in Thailand work informally with little social protection. Number of franchise enterprise businesses on the street is increasing and may indicate good opportunities for independent street vendor to convert themselves into the franchise street vendors due to similar nature of their work. This research attempts to answer the following questions: Why does independent street work as an independent street vendor? Which is the better choice between being an independent street vendor or franchise street vendor in the aspects of economic and social security? In order to investigate these issues further, this research conducts comparative study between franchise street vendors and independent street vendors. In this case study, two franchise enterprises were selected: 5 Dao (Ha Dao, Five Star Grilled Chicken) and Chay 4 (Chay See, Chaysee Bamee Kieaw Thai  Noodle). The researcher also analyzed independent street vendors with the same category of the food and the size of the food stall with franchise vendors. It was discovered independent street vendors are confident in owning their own businesses while franchise street vendors believe they will earn higher income than independent street vendors. In regards to the economic security aspect, franc street vendors work less but earn more. For the social security aspect, both independent street vendors and franchise street vendors experienced the same conditions even though independent street vendors were more aware of it.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

Tag Cloud

BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT DOMESTIC WORKERS EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING IMPLEMENTATION INDONESIA INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MALAYSIA MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD

Windrasduhita, R. (2012) Human Security of Indonesian Domestic Workers in Malaysia

Title: Human Security of Indonesian Domestic Workers in Malaysia

Author: Raden Rara Intan Windrasduhita

Year: 2012

Keywords:  HUMAN SECURITY / MIGRATION / DOMESTIC WORKERS / INDONESIA / MALAYSIA

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

The research finds out the link between human security and migration through the lived experience of Indonesian domestic workers (IDWs) from recruitment to settlement in Malaysia. Objectives of the research are to identify the potential threats of human security among IDWs, to analyze the respond of IDWs to such threat, and to evaluate the legal mechanisms applicable to protect them. It uses qualitative methods to gather information from key informants with semi-structured and in-depth interviews. Different perspectives on the study from government officials, NGOs, private legal recruitment agency, and IDWs are analyzed and evaluated. The research findings reveal that international migration between Indonesia and Malaysia has become a complex and complicated phenomenon. Potential human security threats certainly are in place from personal security, economic security, food and health security, and lastly political security. The legal mechanisms have not effectively benefitted IDWs due to the fact that Indonesia and Malaysia have ignored the actual steps to protect IDWs unconditionally. The processes from recruitment to placement for these IDWs have displayed a set of problems. There is obvious lack of monitoring and reporting throughout the whole process from both sending and receiving countries. Moreover, employers' or recruitment agencies' stereotypical treatments on IDWs are based on the latter's vulnerability and category as low skilled workers. Therefore, gender based violence and human rights violations have often occurred. Troubled IDWs in Malaysia experienced labor cases (i.e. unpaid or underpaid wages, emotional abuse, and unlimited working hours) and non-labor cases (i.e. persecution and torture, rape and sexual harassment, trafficking and smuggling).

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

Tag Cloud

BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING ICM IMPLEMENTATION INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD UNITY

Hein, S. (2012) Food Security in Dry Zone Area: A Case of Magway, Myanmar

Title: Food Security in Dry Zone Area: A Case of Magway, Myanmar

Author: Sai Hein

Year: 2012

Keywords: FOOD SECURITY/ DRY ZONE/ MYANMAR

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

This paper is to study food security of Magway City and its nearby areas from Dry Zone of Myanmar. Dry Zone of Myanmar (Burma) is from very central part of the country and consists of three Regions -Magway, Mandalay and lower part of Sagaing.

The area was affected by a series of consecutive years of drought. Irregular and scarce rainfall happening continuously in last decade leads to extreme water shortages and it is under a constant threat to the viability of rural livelihoods. In general, dry zone area is included in one of the most food insecure areas of Myanmar and one of the most food insecure areas in the South East Asian region too, with the poor agricultural yields.

This paper emphasis is on Magway city and its nearby areas. Qualitative research method with in depth interviews to the villagers, field observations, and interviews with people who have been participating in food security programme were used for the collection of data. The findings in accordance with the five programmatic action areas reveals that there is no strong sense of food security in the studied areas. The "water management" and "access to credit" areas of Dry Zone Action Plan are the most important factors influence the food security of the dry zone in general. There are a lot of locations which do not have aids programs too. It would be interesting to do further studies in the Dry Zone as a whole in the future.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

Tag Cloud

BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING ICM IMPLEMENTATION INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD UNITY