Schulz, K. (2012) An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Protection Mechanisms for Migrant Fishermen from Myanmar in Thailand: A Case Study from Samut Sakhon Province

Title: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Protection Mechanisms for Migrant Fishermen from Myanmar in Thailand: A Case Study from Samut Sakhon Province

Author: Kelly Glenn Schulz

Year: 2012

Keywords: HUMAN TRAFFICKING / LABOR EXPLOITATION / HUMAN SECURITY / MIGRATION / MIGRANT WORKERS / FISHERMEN / MYANMAR

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

The issue of trafficking in persons for the purposes of labor exploitation is growing phenomenon amongst migrant workers from Myanmar who are working in Thailand's commercial fishing industry. Along with the development of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and the opening up of cross-border trade and work flows, this problem can only be expected to continue grow so long as the root causes remain unaddressed.

Attempts have been made in order to understand the methods by which this form of human trafficking and exploitation takes place. However, little research has been done to understand the structural system of protection mechanisms that have been put in place to try and prevent these violations of human rights and security from occurring in the first place. This thesis project examines the various government and community-based protection mechanisms in Thailand by determining which mechanisms are most successful in upholding the fundamental labor and human rights of these migrant fishermen and which ones are in greatest need of correction.

This research project was able to uncover several new findings that shed light onto the specific situation of migrant fishermen in Samut Sakhon and the nature of the system of mechanisms that are available for their protection. It was found that the twenty-one migrant fishermen interviewed in this study faced human rights abuses and labor violations such as: not receiving the full payment of their wages, being physically and mentally abused through the use of threats as well as violence from their boat captains and employers, prevented from receiving access to medical treatment or to an appropriate compensation for that treatment, not being allowed to leave the fishing boats, being restricted to move around while on land, and being caught in situations of illegal debt bondage. A special case study of a lone migrant fisherman is used in order to reveal how the simple awareness of one's rights as a migrant worker in Thailand can lead to many years of successful protection from this kind of labor exploitation.

In addition, this paper also analyzes the perspectives of representatives from the Royal Thai Government, fishery associations, as well as from local NGOs and community-based organizations in order to determine the strengths and weaknesses of their provided protection mechanisms.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

Tag Cloud

BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT DOMESTIC WORKERS EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING IMPLEMENTATION INDONESIA INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MALAYSIA MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD

Windrasduhita, R. (2012) Human Security of Indonesian Domestic Workers in Malaysia

Title: Human Security of Indonesian Domestic Workers in Malaysia

Author: Raden Rara Intan Windrasduhita

Year: 2012

Keywords:  HUMAN SECURITY / MIGRATION / DOMESTIC WORKERS / INDONESIA / MALAYSIA

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

The research finds out the link between human security and migration through the lived experience of Indonesian domestic workers (IDWs) from recruitment to settlement in Malaysia. Objectives of the research are to identify the potential threats of human security among IDWs, to analyze the respond of IDWs to such threat, and to evaluate the legal mechanisms applicable to protect them. It uses qualitative methods to gather information from key informants with semi-structured and in-depth interviews. Different perspectives on the study from government officials, NGOs, private legal recruitment agency, and IDWs are analyzed and evaluated. The research findings reveal that international migration between Indonesia and Malaysia has become a complex and complicated phenomenon. Potential human security threats certainly are in place from personal security, economic security, food and health security, and lastly political security. The legal mechanisms have not effectively benefitted IDWs due to the fact that Indonesia and Malaysia have ignored the actual steps to protect IDWs unconditionally. The processes from recruitment to placement for these IDWs have displayed a set of problems. There is obvious lack of monitoring and reporting throughout the whole process from both sending and receiving countries. Moreover, employers' or recruitment agencies' stereotypical treatments on IDWs are based on the latter's vulnerability and category as low skilled workers. Therefore, gender based violence and human rights violations have often occurred. Troubled IDWs in Malaysia experienced labor cases (i.e. unpaid or underpaid wages, emotional abuse, and unlimited working hours) and non-labor cases (i.e. persecution and torture, rape and sexual harassment, trafficking and smuggling).

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

Tag Cloud

BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING ICM IMPLEMENTATION INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD UNITY

Finnegan, J. (2011) The Lives, Working Conditions and Insecurities of Frontier Workers Between Cambodia and Thailand at the Poipet-Aranyaprathet Border Crossing

Title: The Lives, Working Conditions and Insecurities of Frontier Workers Between Cambodia and Thailand at the Poipet-Aranyaprathet Border Crossing

Author: Jennifer Maureen Finnegan

Year: 2011

Keywords: HUMAN SECURITY/MIGRATION/NETWORK THEORY/FRONTIER/CASE STUDY

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

There are hundreds of men, women and children employed to transport commercial goods between Thailand and Cambodia. Through qualitative research, social mapping, and network theory we try to develop a better understanding of this complex livelihood. This case study paints a picture of Poipet's cart pullers and porters and the labour practices and the short-term cross-border migration situation of frontier workers. The research examines their reality and frames their situation in terms of personal and economic security, migration and labour protection mechanisms for cart pullers and porters. This research couples an overview of a complex socio-economic picture with the first-hand experiences and daily challenges that cart pullers and porters face at this bustling economic corridor.

Key findings from this study indicate that cart pullers and porters of all ages, including children, youth and adults represent a migrant community living in Poipet that experience vulnerabilities related to personal and economic security. Research conclusions illustrate the personal and economic insecurity issues are due to a complex situation linked to belonging to a high migrant population with limited social networks and support, and working within the Special Economic Zone (SEZ) between Thailand and Cambodia. Current bilateral and regional agreements promote manual cross-border labour, but this informal labour lacks regulation and labour protection mechanisms. Practical solutions are needed to address personal and economic insecurities and improve the lives of child, youth and adult cart pullers and porters working at the frontier.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

Tag Cloud

BIOPOWER CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DEMOCRATIZATION DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION EX-KMT REFUGEES GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING ICM IMPLEMENTATION INDONESIA INSTITUTIONS INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION KHMER ROUGE LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO NORTHERN THAILAND PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY POST COLD WAR ASIA REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL MOVEMENT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD SOCIAL FORUM