Brill, C. (2012) Decisions for Crossing the Border: A Case Study of Myanmar Displaced Persons

Internal displacement issues are gaining heightened importance worldwide. The 2011 global report of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center shows that for 2011 there were approximately 26.4 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). Myanmar's continued armed conflicts still cause movements of forced migration, which makes this phenomenon a current issue.

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Schulz, K. (2012) An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Protection Mechanisms for Migrant Fishermen from Myanmar in Thailand: A Case Study from Samut Sakhon Province

Title: An Assessment of the Effectiveness of Protection Mechanisms for Migrant Fishermen from Myanmar in Thailand: A Case Study from Samut Sakhon Province

Author: Kelly Glenn Schulz

Year: 2012

Keywords: HUMAN TRAFFICKING / LABOR EXPLOITATION / HUMAN SECURITY / MIGRATION / MIGRANT WORKERS / FISHERMEN / MYANMAR

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

The issue of trafficking in persons for the purposes of labor exploitation is growing phenomenon amongst migrant workers from Myanmar who are working in Thailand's commercial fishing industry. Along with the development of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and the opening up of cross-border trade and work flows, this problem can only be expected to continue grow so long as the root causes remain unaddressed.

Attempts have been made in order to understand the methods by which this form of human trafficking and exploitation takes place. However, little research has been done to understand the structural system of protection mechanisms that have been put in place to try and prevent these violations of human rights and security from occurring in the first place. This thesis project examines the various government and community-based protection mechanisms in Thailand by determining which mechanisms are most successful in upholding the fundamental labor and human rights of these migrant fishermen and which ones are in greatest need of correction.

This research project was able to uncover several new findings that shed light onto the specific situation of migrant fishermen in Samut Sakhon and the nature of the system of mechanisms that are available for their protection. It was found that the twenty-one migrant fishermen interviewed in this study faced human rights abuses and labor violations such as: not receiving the full payment of their wages, being physically and mentally abused through the use of threats as well as violence from their boat captains and employers, prevented from receiving access to medical treatment or to an appropriate compensation for that treatment, not being allowed to leave the fishing boats, being restricted to move around while on land, and being caught in situations of illegal debt bondage. A special case study of a lone migrant fisherman is used in order to reveal how the simple awareness of one's rights as a migrant worker in Thailand can lead to many years of successful protection from this kind of labor exploitation.

In addition, this paper also analyzes the perspectives of representatives from the Royal Thai Government, fishery associations, as well as from local NGOs and community-based organizations in order to determine the strengths and weaknesses of their provided protection mechanisms.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT DOMESTIC WORKERS EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING IMPLEMENTATION INDONESIA INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MALAYSIA MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD

Hein, S. (2012) Food Security in Dry Zone Area: A Case of Magway, Myanmar

Title: Food Security in Dry Zone Area: A Case of Magway, Myanmar

Author: Sai Hein

Year: 2012

Keywords: FOOD SECURITY/ DRY ZONE/ MYANMAR

Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai

Abstract:

 

This paper is to study food security of Magway City and its nearby areas from Dry Zone of Myanmar. Dry Zone of Myanmar (Burma) is from very central part of the country and consists of three Regions -Magway, Mandalay and lower part of Sagaing.

The area was affected by a series of consecutive years of drought. Irregular and scarce rainfall happening continuously in last decade leads to extreme water shortages and it is under a constant threat to the viability of rural livelihoods. In general, dry zone area is included in one of the most food insecure areas of Myanmar and one of the most food insecure areas in the South East Asian region too, with the poor agricultural yields.

This paper emphasis is on Magway city and its nearby areas. Qualitative research method with in depth interviews to the villagers, field observations, and interviews with people who have been participating in food security programme were used for the collection of data. The findings in accordance with the five programmatic action areas reveals that there is no strong sense of food security in the studied areas. The "water management" and "access to credit" areas of Dry Zone Action Plan are the most important factors influence the food security of the dry zone in general. There are a lot of locations which do not have aids programs too. It would be interesting to do further studies in the Dry Zone as a whole in the future.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING ICM IMPLEMENTATION INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SPEECH ACT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND THAINESS TONLE SAP LAK UDD UNITY