Title: Relationship Between Non-Formal Education Programs and Employment Opportunities: A Case Study of Trainings on Development in Yangon, Myanmar
Author: Eaimt Phoo Phoo Aung
Keywords: HUMAN RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT, HUMAN CAPITAL, COMPETENCE, LABOR FORCE, NON-FORMAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS, SOCIAL SCIENCE-DEVELOPMENT RELATED TRAININGS
Abstract:Myanmar's shift towards a democratic country entails an opening of the country to the rest of the world, and this all has directed attention to policy makers and experts indicating need for educational reforms to move forward human resource development agenda. One of the important sectors to be scrutinized is formal education sector; the government school system. This is because employment prospects for university graduates, comprising 2.7% of total economically active population, are very challenging at present. Within this context, role of non-formal education (NFE) programs which focus more on practical learning than formal education comes to be focused. However, there are limited studies how NFE programs can fill the education-employment gap. Thus, the research explores how NFE programs, particularly not given by government universities, make the connection between educations to employment which formal education fails to achieve.
This research uses combination of qualitative and quantitative methods using semi-structured interviews, surveys, key-informant interview, documentaries, and content analysis. It is found out that the alumni are satisfied with development of human capital and information network provided by selected NFE which play a gatekeeper role towards civil society working sector. Ultimately the overall employment of university graduates after attending the trainings increased and this process is sustained by job information distribution services, regardless of their first bachelor degrees. Overall it is hoped that this research would be a useful preliminary study for the private, non-governmental organizations as well as for government education systems.
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BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT DOMESTIC WORKERS EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING IMPLEMENTATION INDONESIA INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LAND TENURE LIVELIHOOD MALAYSIA MIGRANT WORKERS MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND TONLE SAP LAK UDD