Title: The Treatment of the Chins in India
Author: Lian Bawi Thang
Keywords: CHIN, LOOK EAST POLICY, DOMESTIC SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEM
The ongoing human rights abuses and widespread famine are the primary root causes that trigger Chin people to scatter throughout different places such as India, Malaysia and Thailand at the present time. Among these countries, India hosts the largest Chin population since the 1988 student uprising in Burma. Currently, an estimated number of 130,000, which is almost 20 percent of the total population in Chin State, Burma, are stranded in the most parts of Mizoram State and New Delhi, India.
Unfortunately, the Chins fleeing from a military regime to the world's most populous democratic country still face several human rights violations, sometimes even more than they did in Burma. Besides absenting to ratify the UN 1951 Refugee Convention or its 1967 Protocols, India has twisted its treatment of the Chin refugees to the worse with no provision of legal protection by condemning several human rights treaties such as ICCPR (International Convention for Civil and Political Rights), CAT (Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and Social and Cultural Rights (SCR) that the country has acceded. Additionally, Chin people are no longer considered as either refugees or asylum-seekers by the Indian government onwards 1995 and their rights are subsequently violated. Consequently, the influx of Chin especially to Mizoram State, the 23rd state of India, is astoundingly regarded as a scapegoat for creating domestic instability.
Therefore, this research basically unveils how the implementation of Look East Policy (LEP) and domestic socio-economic problems in India profoundly impact on India's treatment of the Chins within its territory and related consequences on three realms such as livelihood, physical security and education.
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