Title: Tourism in Myanmar and Potential Sustainability of Lacquerware Industry
Author: Zar Ni Maung
Keywords: TOURISM DEVELOPMENT / LACQUER.WARE INDUSTRY LACQUERWARE ENTREPRENEURS AND CRAFTSMEN / MYIN-KA-BAR VILLAGE / BAGAN
Bagan is an ancient city which is one of Myamnar's most famous tourism sites. Most of the inhabitants of Bagan rely on tourism-related business and the town is famous for its specialty lacquerware souvenir products. Since 2011 after democratization, international tourist arrivals have increased and along with it, the demand for lacquerware. The purpose of this thesis is to illustrate how tourism development influences lacquerware production, trade and socio-economic conditions of lacquerware entrepreneurs and craftsmen in Bagan before and after 2011 as well as to establish the role of the Lacquerware Technology College in sustainability of the lacquerware industry in Bagan. This thesis puts forward the hypothesis that there are both positive and negative impacts on the local lacquerware industry by the tourism industry. This study uses qualitative methods namely key-informant interviews, focus group discussions and observational methods to collect evidence to answer the research questions. The site chosen to carry out research was Myin-Ka-Bar village, Bagan; the main production source of lacquerware in the area. Although lacquerware and its related businesses have substantially increased due to tourism there are some threats to the long-term sustainability of the industry due to the lack of interest by the younger generation of locals. This thesis concludes that without the tourism industry and its continued growth, the lacquerware industry itself would die a natural death.
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BANGKOK CAMBODIA CASE STUDY CHIN CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY COMMUNITY FISHERIES CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DECENTRALIZATION DESECURITIZATION DEVELOPMENT DOMESTIC WORKERS EX-KMT REFUGEES FRONTIER GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE FACTORS HUMAN RIGHTS HUMAN SECURITY HUMAN TRAFFICKING IMPLEMENTATION INDONESIA INTERNATIONAL-TRANSFORMATION LAND TENURE LIVELIHOOD MALAYSIA MIGRANT WORKERS MIGRATION MYANMAR NETWORK THEORY NORTHERN THAILAND POST COLD WAR ASIA POVERTY REDUCTION REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION SECURITIZATION SOCIAL MOVEMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI BERRY PICKERS THAILAND TONLE SAP LAK UDD