09.00 - 12.00 hrs.
Alumni Association Conference Room, 12th floor, Political Science Building 3, Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University
Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI) and Embassy of the United States, Bangkok and Blewett III School of Law,
University of Montana and The Maureen & Mike Mansfield Center at the University of Montana
Asian Research Center for Migration, Institute of Asian Studies; MA & PhD Programs in International Development Studies;
and MA Program in Governance, Faculty of Political Science, Chulalongkorn University
Migration management of migrant workers and refugees is one of the issues many countries talk about. Migrations along borders have been continually happening. However, significant controls ex. By passport or by visa happened when countries were developed to modern state. We can see big migrations after the war since World War II when the Jewish tried to flee from genocide. Human rights and humanitarian reason support the migration to developed countries ex. USA or Scandinavian counties in Europe.
USA is one among other countries that migrants wish they could go for better life with their open policy that allow foreigners with some specific conditions to resettle in the country and to apply for citizenship. Migrants who travelled to the USA may be originally from their origin country of from the country they temporarily stayed before. There are many reasons that could cause the migration ex. problems about political opinion, war between each euthenics, religious issues, etc. In USA, there is a Department of Homeland Security who screens and makes decision of those who apply to stay in the country. Also, there is a United State Department of Labor who is a main agency to manage migrant workers who come to work in the US.
Definitions of refugee and migrant worker are different. However, both refugee and migrant worker move from their country to stay in another country with some problem in their home country. Migrant worker migrates for economic reason and to find a better life when refugee flees from their home country because of persecution(s). Once they arrive in the US, both of them will be brought into a system that aims to protect their lives and their human rights under. We will also talk about the New York Declaration of the United Nations (UN) which is related to our topic, migration management roundtable: case study: USA. We hope that this roundtable will open a space to discuss and share thoughts on migration management system in a developed country.