Thu, Z. (2006) Migrant children's access to education in Thailand : a case study of Myanmar children in Samut Sakhon Province

63,000 children from Myanmar who were under age 12, registered as migrants in July 2004 in Thailand though the number can be higher taking into account unregistered children. Most of the children are deprived of their needs, which are essential for their development in life. One of the most important needs for Myanmar migrant children lies in the area of education. The objective of the study was to assess the situation of Myanmar migrant children vis-a-vis education in Thailand and to identify the barriers to their education.

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CHAYAVONG, V. (2014) PROTECTION OF TRAFFICKED KHMU GIRLS FROM LAO PDR: CASES OF PRE-REINTEGRATION PROCESS AND-HUMAN SECURITY IN THAILAND

This study discusses the issue of human trafficking, which focuses on Khmu girls who are trafficked into Thailand. It explores what mechanisms of protection are offered to Khmu victims of human trafficking to reach an approach of sustainable reintegration into their places of origin in order to ensure their human security. There are many Khmu girls from Luang Namtha, the northern poorest province in Laos, who move to Thailand to seek new opportunities. In 2014, there are 150 Khmu girls who are victims of human trafficking in shelter in Thailand.

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SCHULZ, K. (2012) AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROTECTION MECHANISMS FOR MIGRANT FISHERMEN FROM MYANMAR IN THAILAND: A CASE STUDY FROM SAMUT SAKHON PROVINCE

The issue of trafficking in persons for the purposes of labor exploitation is growing phenomenon amongst migrant workers from Myanmar who are working in Thailand's commercial fishing industry. Along with the development of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) and the opening up of cross-border trade and work flows, this problem can only be expected to continue grow so long as the root causes remain unaddressed.

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WINDRASDUHITA, R. (2012) HUMAN SECURITY OF INDONESIAN DOMESTIC WORKERS IN MALAYSIA

The research finds out the link between human security and migration through the lived experience of Indonesian domestic workers (IDWs) from recruitment to settlement in Malaysia. Objectives of the research are to identify the potential threats of human security among IDWs, to analyze the respond of IDWs to such threat, and to evaluate the legal mechanisms applicable to protect them. It uses qualitative methods to gather information from key informants with semi-structured and in-depth interviews.

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JAYARAJ, S. (2012) BARRIERS TO MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTHCARE ACCESS FOR ASYLUM SEEKERS AND MIGRANTS FROM MYANMAR IN MALAYSIA: A CASE STUDY OF SELAYANG, KUALA LUMPUR

This study was framed around the concept of the right to access healthcare services. Article 25, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948, states that everyone has the right to a standard of living that is adequate for their health and well-being, including medical care and necessary social services. The studies intended to describe the Myanmar migrant profile in Selayang, Kuala Lumpur, identify barriers to maternal and child healthcare (MCH) access in the population and analyze gender obstacles in health access.

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FINNEGAN, J. (2011) THE LIVES, WORKING CONDITIONS AND INSECURITIES OF FRONTIER WORKERS BETWEEN CAMBODIA AND THAILAND AT THE POIPET-ARANYAPRATHET BORDER CROSSING

There are hundreds of men, women and children employed to transport commercial goods between Thailand and Cambodia. Through qualitative research, social mapping, and network theory we try to develop a better understanding of this complex livelihood. This case study paints a picture of Poipet's cart pullers and porters and the labour practices and the short-term cross-border migration situation of frontier workers. The research examines their reality and frames their situation in terms of personal and economic security, migration and labour protection mechanisms for cart pullers and porters. This research couples an overview of a complex socio-economic picture with the first-hand experiences and daily challenges that cart pullers and porters face at this bustling economic corridor.

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KALLSTROM, J. (2011) TRANSNATIONAL SEASONAL LABOUR MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT: LIVES OF THAI BERRY PICKER RETURNEES FROM SWEDEN

Previous research has acknowledged that labour migration have had huge benefits for both receiving and sending countries of migrant workers. Thai migrants seasonally traveling to Sweden to pick wild berries have been an ongoing trend since the past two decades. Simultaneously there has been a drastic decline of Swedish labour in the wild berry picking industry. Since the year 2000 there has been an increasing number of Thai berry pickers; in particular rural people from the North-east parts of Thailand. It has been recognized that migration and development are interdependent processes which profoundly influences one another, where migration policies nowadays are developed to take on a development approach.

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MOOLMA, S. (2011) US RESETTLEMENT FOR DISPLACED PERSONS FROM MYANMAR: PROTECTION IN A PROTRACTED REFUGEE SITUATION IN MAE LA SHELTER

The objectives of international refugee regime are to provide the three durable solutions for refugees in an attempt to end the cycle of displacement: voluntary repatriation, local integration, and third country resettlement. In case the voluntary repatriation and local integration are not viable options for those in exile, the UNHCR in collaboration with NGOs would seek another approach to protect the lives of refugees, and therefore the third country resettlement would be preferred.

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MOHAMED, A. (2010) CULTURAL ALIENATION AND RESISTANCE: SRI LANKAN WOMEN DOMESTIC WORKERS IN THE MALDIVES

My study focuses on analyzing how the foreign domestic workers in the Maldives resist the cultural alienation that they experience within their workplace and the society at large. The relatively large migrant worker population in the Maldives lives in an environment with heavy restrictions on their rights, limited mobility and limited physical space and privacy. Their vulnerability is emphasized by the limited legal protection, inadequate institutional support and limited voice of migrant workers in the media. The domestic workers work in households, and are often isolated and hidden from the view, making the group potentially an even more vulnerable group within the migrant workers. However, several studies on migrant workers had described their agency in finding ways to resist and respond to socially, culturally and politically restrictive situations. Through participatory fieldwork with Sri Lankan Singhalese domestic workers, I explore how they resist their cultural alienation by redefining their identities and through the use of social networks and by negotiating place and space.

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SONGDEJ, A. (2010) CAMBODIAN CHILD BEGGARS IN THAILAND: A CASE STUDY OF RIGHTS AND NEEDS BASED APPROACHES IN LEGISLATION AND IMPLEMENTATION

This research aims to determine the extent that Thailand's Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act (2008) protects the rights of Cambodian child beggars as outlined in human rights conventions. This was done by assessing the level of policy coherence between Thailand's Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act (2008) and other related policies, by assessing the practicality of the guidelines used for screening victims of trafficking by Thai officials, and by assessing whether Thai officials' attitudes towards Cambodian child beggars affected whether the rights-based approach or the needs-based approach was followed in practice.

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Lo, M. (2010) A REFUGEE-CENTERED PERSPECTIVE ON REFUGEE PROTECTION MECHANISMS: THE CASE OF THE LAO HMONG REFUGEES IN THAILAND

Title: A REFUGEE-CENTERED PERSPECTIVE ON REFUGEE PROTECTION MECHANISMS: THE CASE OF THE LAO HMONG REFUGEES IN THAILAND
Author: MY LO
Year: 2010
Keywords: REFUGEE, REFUGEE PROTECTION
Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai
Abstract:

In a state-centered paradigm, the refugee regime has diverted the application of its moral obligations of protection to serve state interests. It has moved away from the object of its protection the refugee herself—to prefer policies and practice of political convenience.

Looking closely at the experience of the Lao Hmong refugees in Thailand, this study contends that the refugee perspective must regain its validity in dictating protection policies. When asked to define refugee protection, their experience with it and their expectations of it, Lao Hmong refugees invoked basic principles of human rights: right of livelihood, freedom from fear, freedom of movement, right of education, cultural and religious freedom, etc.

Most importantly, they frame their protection demands within the respect and full realization of their human dignity, self-sufficiency and self-determination. Their experience validate the idea that refugee protection must not seek to provide solutions to the circumstances of being a refugee but rather it must seek to empower refugees to decide what solution suits their aspirations best.

Recommendations include practical programmatic considerations (e.g. the strategic use of technology to promote self-sufficiency) and wider policy guidelines (e.g. signing and ratifying the 1951 Refugee Convention).

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE FACTORS HIGHER EDUCATION HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ICM INDONESIA INSTITUTIONS INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SHADOW STATE POLITICS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL MOVEMENT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI FEMALE THAILAND THAKSIN SHINAWATRA WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD SOCIAL FORUM

KHAI, K. (2009) IRREGULAR BURMESE MIGRANTS IN MALAYSIA: A CASE STUDY OF CHIN PEOPLE

Title: IRREGULAR BURMESE MIGRANTS IN MALAYSIA: A CASE STUDY OF CHIN PEOPLE
Author: KHEN SUAN KHAI
Year: 2009
Keywords: MIGRANTS, CHIN, BURMESE, MALAYSIA
Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai
Abstract:

Burmese people have been migrating to Malaysia since early 1990s. Socio-political-economic pressure pulls the Chin migrant workers from Burma to come into Malaysia rather than India and Thailand for better network in Malaysia as well as to shun from direct deportation to home country. Amidst Malaysia government's violation of migration rights, resettlement from Malaysia to third countries plays critical role in migration to Malaysia.

The largest irregular migrant populations from Burma, besides economic factors, ethnic and religious discrimination are the main factors that push Chin people to migrate out of Chin State. Low income, dependency on other migrants, assistance from community based groups, and support from friends in third countries help Chin people to survive amidst destitution in Malaysia. Being only a State Party to only two of international human rights instruments: the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and has not ratified the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICPMW), and has not signed the 1951 Refugee Convention, both refugees and irregular migrants are illegal.

This research has tried to classify and enrich understanding about the authentic situation of irregular Chin migrants from Burma, their experiences and working conditions in Malaysia and related consequences. It has exposed the push and pull factors of Chin people's migration to Malaysia irregularly, and has identified working environments, economic situation and social welfare conditions of irregular Chin migrants in Malaysia too understand irregular Chin migrants' survival strategies.

The research unveils that no policy protects Chin irregular migrants in Malaysia that they are in a risk situation.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DEVELOPMENT DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE FACTORS HIGHER EDUCATION HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ICM INDONESIA INSTITUTIONS INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SHADOW STATE POLITICS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL MOVEMENT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI FEMALE THAILAND THAKSIN SHINAWATRA WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD SOCIAL FORUM

PHYU, S. (2009) REPATRIATION FROM THAILAND TO MYANMAR OF TRAFFICKED CHILDREN

Title: REPATRIATION FROM THAILAND TO MYANMAR OF TRAFFICKED CHILDREN
Author: SAN LATT PHYU
Year: 2009
Keywords: REPATRIATION/HUMAN TRAFFICKING/TRAFFICKED CHILDREN/RIGHTS-BASED APPROACH
Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai
Abstract:

Repatriation process is regarded as the last stage of the protection program for the trafficked persons. It is the stage that has more human interaction and personal contact between the caregivers and the receivers. Trafficked children, in particular, have vulnerability as they still need to depend on others for their well-being. Therefore, there are special provisions and specific legislation both international and national based on human rights principles to protect the children during the repatriation process. It is important to apply the rights-based approach to trafficked children when the care givers help them to redress their human rights and reduce the barriers to apply such approach at the hands of caregivers.

As there is still an argument in defining what is repatriation and reintegration, the findings first presented the different interpretations from different caregivers. Then, it describes the repatriation process starting from victim identification, care and supporting programs at Baan Kredtrakarri shelter including vocational training, health care, psycho-social support and legal assistance in Thailand and analyzed the degree of application of rights-based approach in accordance with the national and international guidelines. The continued process in Myanmar is explained briefly together with the family tracing process and the challenges in Myanmar. Throughout the presentation of research findings, the three evaluating factors in rights-based approach which are the accountability, equality and non-discrimination and participation were used to analyze the current practices in the process of repatriation.

It was found out that the rights-based approach has been partially addressed in the current repatriation process. The accountability, equality and non-discrimination and participation are applied in the aspects of i) cooperating with civil society organizations for effective protection, ii) having multidisciplinary team, iii) providing measures in Thai laws and bilateral MOU for faster repatriation, iv) providing same legal assistance regardless of nationality, v) keeping the best interest of the children in the legal process and maintaining confidentiality in the family tracing process.

On the other hand, the three main principles are needed to enhance in the following areas because of i) different interpretations for repatriation and reintegration, ii) the limited channels for the participation from the children, iii) corrupted officials in the legal process and some Thai officials' negative attitudes towards migrant workers, iv) resource constraints for individual care, v) lack of alternative option for the children who do not pass the nationality confirmation.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER CIVIL SOCIETY COASTAL GOVERNANCE COMMUNITY CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE FACTORS HIGHER EDUCATION HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ICM INDONESIA INSTITUTIONS INTEGRATED COASTAL MANAGEMENT KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE LIVELIHOOD MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SHADOW STATE POLITICS SMES SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL MOVEMENT SUSTAINABLE COASTAL DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI FEMALE THAILAND THAKSIN SHINAWATRA WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD SOCIAL FORUM

SURAWANNA, T. (2008) PROTECTION POLICIES FOR MIGRANT WORKERS IN THAILAND: A CASE STUDY ON THE ROLES OF THAI LABOR SOLIDARITY COMMITTEE

Title: PROTECTION POLICIES FOR MIGRANT WORKERS IN THAILAND: A CASE STUDY ON THE ROLES OF THAI LABOR SOLIDARITY COMMITTEE
Author: TASSANEE SURAWANNA
Year: 2008
Keywords: PROTECTION/ MIGRANT WORKERS/ THAI LABOR SOLIDARITY COMMITTEE/ SOCIAL MOVEMENT / THAILAND
Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai
Abstract:

This qualitative research was aimed to study the movement of Thai Labour solidarity Committee (TLSC) and its alliances on the protection of migrant workers in Thailand. In this research, TLSC's structure was examined as well as its strategies on t e protection of migrant workers. There was the evaluation of those strategies in order to understand the impacts in different level. Data was collected from the in-depth interviews with the representatives from the leading actors of TLSC, Thai workers union; labor related and migrant related NGOs, migrant workers and Thai workers.

The research found that TLSC had used "Human Rights" as the leading concept for their movement. TLSC had the clear structure in the administrative level. The main strategies of TLSC on labor movement in Thailand included petition, campaign and education, capacity building, information dissemination in national and local level and networking. All of these strategies had been used for the movement on the protection of migrant workers as well. The migrant related NGOs who were members of TLSC had played important roles and had influence towards TLSC's activities regarding the protection of migrant workers. The strong capacity of migrant related NGOs who participated in TLSC and the sufficient database about migrant workers situation provided to TLSC leaders and members by NGOs were the main factors motivating TLSC movement on the protection of migrant workers. The impacts of TLSC's strategies on the protection of migrant workers were in three different levels; policy level, local level, and organization level.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER CERTIFICATE TRANSLATION TO MARKET ECONOMY COMMUNITY CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COUNTRY OWNERSHIP COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION GOOD GOVERNANCE HIGHER EDUCATION HOCHIMINH CITY HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ISSURANCE OF BUSINESS REGISTRATION KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY POLICY IMPLEMENTATION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SENSITIVE SERVICES SHADOW STATE POLITICS SMES SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL EVILS STREET-LEVEL BUREAUCRAT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI FEMALE THAKSIN SHINAWATRA VIETNAM WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD BANK REFORMS WORLD SOCIAL FORUM

CHAOWAHEM, A. (2007) REINTEGRATION OF THAI RETURNEES IN THE CONTEXT OF SEX TRAFFICKING

Title: REINTEGRATION OF THAI RETURNEES IN THE CONTEXT OF SEX TRAFFICKING
Author: AATCHARAPORN CHAOWAHEM
Year: 2007
Keywords: INTEGRATION/TRAFFICKING/TRAFFICKED RETURNEES/ MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH
Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai
Abstract:

This research aims to describe and analyze the reintegration process of Thai trafficked returnees from abroad. It relies upon documentary research as well as field i research, using the case study method. Data collection techniques include in-depth interviews, group discussion, and non-participant observation. This research examines how trafficked returnees perceive their own reintegration processes and factors that increase the likelihood of their reintegration. These factors can be divided into individual level factors, which includes health (physical and mental), economic, and legal situation, along with social level factors, which includes family relationship and community relationship.

The nine returnees were selected from returnees who returned from Europe and originated from Northeastern Thailand. Six returnees were trafficked to Italy, two to the Netherlands, and one to Germany. Stigmatization associated with sex work continued to impact all returnees after they returned home to Thailand. Some returnees still have problems with family and community acceptance of their trafficking experiences, sometimes forcing them to leave their hometown and resettle in Bangkok or surrounding provinces. These returnees who have resettled have found themselves working in low-paying jobs as daily laborers. Most returnees face problems in many areas of reintegration while two returnees have some problems and other two do not have any problems.

Strong mental health to overcome individual and social stigmatization was found to be the most significant factor in increasing the likelihood of reintegration of the nine case study returnees because strong mental health helps returnees cope with other difficulties in their reintegration processes. Other than overcoming stigmatization, having a supportive, accepting family that does not reject or discriminate against a returnee, and having secured employment and income are also found to be of importance for the successful reintegration of these nine returnees.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER CERTIFICATE TRANSLATION TO MARKET ECONOMY COMMUNITY CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COUNTRY OWNERSHIP COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION GOOD GOVERNANCE HIGHER EDUCATION HOCHIMINH CITY HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ISSURANCE OF BUSINESS REGISTRATION KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY POLICY IMPLEMENTATION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SENSITIVE SERVICES SHADOW STATE POLITICS SMES SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL EVILS STREET-LEVEL BUREAUCRAT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI FEMALE THAKSIN SHINAWATRA VIETNAM WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD BANK REFORMS WORLD SOCIAL FORUM

PHOEBE, N. (2007) IMPACTS OF PARENTS' CROSS-BORDER MIGRATION ON CHILDREN IN HLAING BWE TOWNSHIP, KAYIN STATE, MYANMAR

Title: IMPACTS OF PARENTS' CROSS-BORDER MIGRATION ON CHILDREN IN HLAING BWE TOWNSHIP, KAYIN STATE, MYANMAR
Author: NAW PHOEBE
Year: 2007
Keywords: MIGRATION/CHILDREN/PARENTS/CAREGIVERS
Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai
Abstract:

Temporary cross-border labour migration of parents from Myanmar to other countries is often motivated by desires to provide economic opportunities for the family and educational opportunities for their children. This study is to find out the impacts on left behind families, children and community due to migration of parents in terms of socio-economic condition and children's access to education. The study area was in Ta Won Phan Ya village located in Hlaing Bwe Township in Kayin State, Myanmar. The study adopted both quantitative and qualitative methods. Survey method was used for quantitative technique. 1n-depth interview with children, caregivers and the community key informants and focus group discussion with children were applied as qualitative research techniques. Migration of parents has both positive and negative impact on the children, family and the community. The results from parents' migration show the 'improvement in family's socioeconomic status that faces poverty and has limited job opportunities by means of remittances. Remittances enable the families mainly solve the day to day living. Moreover, remittances contribute to maintain children's access to education and other well being of the family such as renovation of the houses repay debts and pay tax etc and perform meritorious deeds which are highly value in their tradition. In addition, with warm support from the caregivers, extended family members and the community, the children and members back home encounter no major problem. On the other hand, there are some downsides of migration. Remittance of parents can put children at risk if money is not being used correctly. Remittances are mostly seen as not being used in a productive way other than used for the consumerism. As a result, members' migration cannot be reduces besides will increase in numbers. Absence of parents makes children become less interest in education as children do not see education as a worthy investment as they see that parents can earn money abroad without obtaining any higher education. Besides, since majority of the productive workforce leave the village, there is stagnation in the rural economy and it can gradually decline in the near future. As migration is concern with lack of job opportunity, country's economic strategy should be review in order to reduce the unemployment of the citizens.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER CERTIFICATE TRANSLATION TO MARKET ECONOMY COMMUNITY COUNTRY OWNERSHIP COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION FTA WATCH GOOD GOVERNANCE HIGHER EDUCATION HOCHIMINH CITY HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ISSURANCE OF BUSINESS REGISTRATION KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY POLICY IMPLEMENTATION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SENSITIVE SERVICES SHADOW STATE POLITICS SMES SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL EVILS STREET-LEVEL BUREAUCRAT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI FEMALE THAKSIN SHINAWATRA VIETNAM WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD BANK REFORMS WORLD SOCIAL FORUM

KHINE, N. (2007) REMITTANCE FLOWS FROM THAILAND TO MAWLAMYINE, MON STATE, MYANMAR.

Title: REMITTANCE FLOWS FROM THAILAND TO MAWLAMYINE, MON STATE, MYANMAR.
Author: NWET KAY KHINE
Year: 2007
Keywords: REMITTANCES, MYANMAR MIGRANTS IN THAILAND, DEVELOPMENT IMPACT, REMITTANCE SENDING SERVICE
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Abstract:

The focus of this study is on the development impact of informal remittances sent by Myanmar migrant workers from Thailand to Myanmar. Methodologically, this is a qualitative research based on case studies. Information had been collected by doing field research with in-depth interviews to remittances senders, recipients and remittance service providers in Bangkok, Mae Sot in Thailand and Mawlamyine in Myanmar. Literature review was useful for doing analysis on the field data in theoretical approach. Matching case studies between migrants in Thailand and their household left behind give a portrait of remittance channel started from the hands of senders to the door of recipients.

Firstly, determining factors on the propensity and the remittance sending behaviors of migrant workers had been explored to identify the capacity of sending remittances. Secondly, this study tried to portray clear picture of the whole remittance service operating system and the role of the players who are involving in various stages of the money transfer process as middle man between senders and the recipients. It highlighted the choice of remittance service by the migrant workers, types of services they are being offered and the costs and risks involving in informal money transfer system. Thirdly, the way the recipients utilized the remittances has been assessed to identify its impact on the economic development of recipients. The intensity of poverty and the lack of favorable investment climate are affecting the expenditure pattern of recipient household. Findings on the saving, spending and investment behaviors of the recipients showed that the larger volume of remittances is flowing into the unproductive expenditure rather than productive investment.

This study raises a set of policy adjustment for Myanmar and the host country. It also points out other areas for further research relevant to remittances of Myanmar migrant workers and its development contribution.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER CERTIFICATE TRANSLATION TO MARKET ECONOMY COMMUNITY COUNTRY OWNERSHIP COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION FTA WATCH GOOD GOVERNANCE HIGHER EDUCATION HOCHIMINH CITY HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE ISSURANCE OF BUSINESS REGISTRATION KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE MIGRATION MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY POLICY IMPLEMENTATION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SENSITIVE SERVICES SHADOW STATE POLITICS SMES SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL EVILS STREET-LEVEL BUREAUCRAT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAI FEMALE THAKSIN SHINAWATRA VIETNAM WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD BANK REFORMS WORLD SOCIAL FORUM

KATO, Y. (2007) REINTEGRATION OF THAI FEMALE RETURNEES WITH CHILDREN FROM JAPAN INTO THAI SOCIETY

Title: REINTEGRATION OF THAI FEMALE RETURNEES WITH CHILDREN FROM JAPAN INTO THAI SOCIETY
Author: YUKO KATO
Year: 2007
Keywords: MIGRATION/ REINTEGRATION/THAI FEMALE
Download PDF of Abstract: English Thai
Abstract:

International labor migration has received particular attention in destination countries due to a number of social problems that have arisen when migrants have integrated into the destination society. Social problems can also occur when migrants return from the destination country to their country of origin. Thai women have particularly faced integration problems when returning from Japan, their lack of skills and absence of any socioeconomic support prevent them from seeking other employment options and leave them only migration or entertainment work as work alternatives. The reintegration process of women with children may differ from other female migrants who have returned to their country of origin as other migrants may or may not have the added burden of an extra child to support. Therefore, this study attempts to explore the process of reintegration by examining cases of Thai female migrant women in Chang Rai province. The research objectives are: 1) To examine living conditions and their integration for Thai female migrants in Japan. 2) To understand the conditions of the process of return for Thai female returnees with children. 3) To analyze how the socio-economic factors can help and hinder their integration of Thai female returnees with children into Thai society. The research was a qualitative case-study of Chiang Rai province. The study relied on a combination of primary and secondary source, mainly primary source. The primary source is life story of Thai female returnees from Japan. The study found that the living condition of Thai female migrants in Japan was strongly influenced by the working environment in the snack bars and people that interacted with the women. Women were particularly vulnerable to exploitation because they had entered Japan with their illegal status. On the other hand, some women were integrated into Japanese society economically and socially through their marriage to Japanese men and their ability to speak Japanese language. In terms of the return process, most cases of returnees decided to come back to Thailand because of their pregnancy with Japanese partner and their illegal status made them illegible to benefit from the Japanese health care system. None of the women were able to gain secure employment after their return from Japan to Thailand, because of the types of entertainment work that the women were subjected to whilst in Japan. Although the cases differ, some of the women with children were able to use the remittance from their Japanese husband or partner to empower themselves and this empowerment helps reintegrate the women into their local community better than those who had neither remittance nor partner.

Contact MAIDS-Chula for more information and full thesis at maidschula@gmail.com

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BIOPOWER COMMUNITY COUNTRY RECONSTRUCTURE CURRENT EDUCATION IN THE CAMP DEMOCRACY IN BURMA DEMOCRATIZATION DISCOURSE EDUCATION EUROPEAN UNION GOOD GOVERNANCE HIGHER EDUCATION HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE KAREN REFUGEES KHMER ROUGE MYANMAR NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NGO OTOP PARTICIPATORY MANGROVE FORESTRY REINTEGRATION RESISTANCE SHADOW STATE POLITICS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TAK PROVINCE THAI-BURMA BORDER THAI-KAREN PEOPLE THAKSIN SHINAWATRA WORK OPPORTUNITIES WORLD SOCIAL FORUM